»Canada is the second largest and the northern most sovereign country on Earth. It is a decentralized federation of ten provinces and three territories, governed as a constitutional monarchy. Formed in 1867 through an act of confederation, it occupies most of the northern half of North America.
» Canada 's capital is Ottawa , home of the nation's Parliament as well as the residences of the Governor General and the Prime Minister; the heads of state and government, respectively. Originally a union of former French and British colonies. Canada is a technologically advanced and industrialized nation.
Eighty percent of Canadians live within 200 km of the United States along the International Boundary, where the country's most temperate climates are located. While Canada covers a larger geographic area than its neighbour, it has only one-ninth of the population. Canada 's vast and rich territory has led to a historical economic dependence on its natural resources.
Canada is the world's second-largest country in total area after Russia. However, it has an extremely low population density of 3.2 people per square kilometre.
» Canada is a federation under a system of parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Its Head of State and Sovereign is the monarch Queen Elizabeth II with the title of Queen of Canada. It has been said that Canadian culture rests solely in a effort to distinguish itself from its southern neighbour, the United States. Others argue that while the two North American countries share some aspects of a common cultural heritage, there is also a separately identifiable Canadian culture.