» The land was not discovered by Europeans until the 17th century. Australia is a constitutional monarchy, with Elizabeth II reigning as Queen of Australia. The Commonwealth of Australia is a constitutional monarchy.
» Australia had a prosperous Western style mixed economy. Much of Australia 's culture is derived from European and more recently American roots, but distinctive Australian features have evolved from the environment, aboriginal culture, and the influence of Australia 's neighbours.
The vigor and originality of the arts in Australian films, opera, music, painting, theater, dance, and crafts are achieving international recognition. By far the largest part of Australia is desert or semi arid 40% of the land mass is covered by sand dunes.
» Tourism is a very large sector of the Australian economy. According to a recent report on the industry by the Australian government, the tourism industry represents 4.7% of Australia 's GDP. Australia's international tourism campaigns have largely centered around the image of Australia as a wild, expansive, almost uninhabited continent with all manner of exotic scenery and wildlife, endless beaches, and friendly, relaxed locals.